Artificial Intelligence or AI is a platform that is in great demand in the current era of technological development. There are many studies about the development of effective AI applications in various fields. The Health Industry has also included AI in the platform of a modern Health system to provide effectiveness and efficiency for a better world of Health, in terms of diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, to administrative processes. AI-based programs are aimed at analyzing how prevention methods or medical treatments relate to optimal outcomes.
In general, AI is present as an extension of the wider human work capacity. This technology makes it possible to teach computers to perform certain tasks by processing large amounts of data and identifying patterns.
What can AI do in the medical world? These are the AI function in Health :
1. Process patient data carefully
Talking about medical data, of course this is a major concern. Often problems arise due to the difficulty of accessing patient data and even loss of medical records that have been previously made. Though these data are very influential on the success and failure of patient care and treatment.
The ability of AI to connect data points more quickly becomes very important to support faster analysis and formulate the most effective and efficient plans for patients.
Through the process of big data, AI allows doctors to study patient data thoroughly. Such as image analysis, Health protocol test results and anamnesis containing complete information. This sometimes crashes because data documentation is not systematic and AI can help summarize by drawing optimal conclusions. Some countries are already able to analyze data about the patient’s body from electronic wristbands and can then choose an effective treatment program.
2. Make a diagnosis
Ai is believed to be able to provide a diagnosis of the symptoms the patient is experiencing and provide a list of credible recommendations. AI technology is not only trying to minimize the potential for misdiagnosis, but also speed it up. The goal is that medical workers can save the lives of more patients with faster treatment.
During this covid-19 pandemic, AI technology is very helpful in identifying the number of sufferers through exposure to body temperature or monitoring the use of masks by related and centralized officers who are connected and centralized through the monitoring dashboard & Alert System layer.
In developed countries, AI can diagnose diseases from the stories described even by reading the faces of patients by The Try Medical Coding system. AI can also assess the impact of drugs on the human body and help doctors understand how the unique features of a patient’s genetic structure affect the course of the disease and what effects new drugs may have.
3. Processing large amounts of information
AI is able to link information with data and indicators of patients’ Health and their medical history. This fact allows AI to process several thousand pages per second to find the necessary information and detect new medical articles in different parts of the world every twenty minutes. This also makes data easy to connect and easily accessible to various parties who need it.
4. Helping the operation
AI can also help handle operations that can work according to data points that have been programmed and can move automatically. The advancement of AI is also considered to be able to make it easier for some doctors to be able to perform operations virtually and be connected to each other even though they are in different places.
AI in surgery can also use surgical robot methods that can analyze data from a person’s medical records before surgery is performed. The robot will bathe and direct the surgeon during the operation. The use of this robot can also generate new surgical techniques through data from previous operations so that it can speed up and simplify the operation process.
The robot is equipped with various key components such as a mechanical arm, surgical instruments, and a camera. The surgeon can control the robot’s mechanical arm and perform the operation through a computer with a control panel. The camera on the robot will provide an enlarged three-dimensional image and make it easier for doctors to see down to the micro parts. Some examples of robots that are used to support the operation process are Vicarious Surgical, Auris Health, and The Accuray CyberKnife System.
5. Perform virtual care and health monitoring
Through AI the nursing system can be more effective because it can be available for 7 x 24 hours both from assisting patients in answering various questions, monitoring patients and providing instant solutions. The virtual nursing system is also allegedly able to save costs in the healthcare industry every year, from interacting with patients to providing effective direction. This process can help patients to reduce panic and unnecessary hospital visits. The virtual nurse has even been able to perform Health checks via voice and AI.
In monitoring patient health, AI can help through implementation in certain tools such as smartwatches. This tool can help in treating patients on a regular basis based on monitoring heart rate, blood pressure and so on. AI can provide periodic notifications of what scheduled things have to be done, such as medication schedules, therapy schedules, to schedule visits to the doctor. This serves to help nurses monitor and follow up on a patient’s condition. All data will be recorded and can be used by doctors to carry out further treatment.
6. Helping the drug manufacturing process
In making a drug requires a very long series of tests because it requires a very complex formula. Finding the right structure takes a long time to reach the right point because this will affect human life. This process also costs a lot of money.
AI can be used to help design the structure of drugs more accurately to see the required functions and streamline the testing process before they are ready to be marketed. AI advancements can be used to scan existing drugs and those that can be redesigned to fight a disease.
In the case of COVID-19, AI can accelerate the process of discovering new drugs and vaccines by predicting and modeling the structure of viral information that can be useful in developing new drugs. AI can study the performance of virus mutations and create camouflage for the application of existing exposure countermeasures systems.
7. Hospital service efficiency
The long administrative process and so many queues are often a scourge for sick patients to take treatment. Often patients complain about an administrative service that is very influential in creating a positive treatment experience. Complicated procedures, confusing documents, not carrying stationery, miss communication with the receptionist, often make patients uncomfortable.
AI can make it more practical and environmentally friendly because it has the potential to reduce paper usage. Through the AI method, it can also minimize storage space that usually takes up a lot of space in a building and has the potential to be lost or damaged due to moisture, fire or submersion in water.
Will AI Affect the Future Healthcare Industry?
AI is expected to simplify the performance of medical personnel and reduce human errors that can occur due to various factors. There are still many who are certainly skeptical of AI because it is considered to replace human work in the future. In fact, it is possible that there will be more fields and new jobs that will be opened because of the ease and depth of the information provided. Machines only help make things easier, but doctors will always be the final decision makers for all actions to be taken and teamwork or the strength of human relations are still the strongest and irreplaceable.
In the future, scientists also hope that AI will develop ultra-precision drugs as soon as possible and provide individualized treatment for each patient.
In the last decade, AI has played an important role in Healthcare offering fundamentally different prospects for medical care for the future. Basically, AI not only helps medical workers in making decisions, but also in taking spontaneous actions in the midst of sudden situations. Especially at this time with uncertain conditions, all parties are asked to make quick and patient-oriented decisions.
AI will grow rapidly and can help the medical industry more significantly, especially if digital medical record data and medical imaging can be well integrated.
Many parties also hope that AI will not only be present as a facility to carry out treatment or increase the productivity of medical personnel and the administration of a Health Institution, but can also be used as a facility to prevent disease.
Of course there is a need for integration and synergy from various parties to realize optimal AI capabilities for the Indonesian Health industry – both from the government, the private sector and also the community which will always develop in line with the ever-increasing human needs, well-being and happiness.